- Puerto Princesa
- Brooke’s Point
- El Nido (Bacuit)
- Rizal (Marcos)
- San Vicente
- Sofronio Española
- Kalayaan (Spratly Islands),claimed by Vietnam
Puerto Princesa Mayor Edward S. Hagedorn unveiled the environment-friendly and economical electric-powered “Trikebayan” (which does not emit any noise or carbon monoxide) at the Kapihan sa Sulo forum, Sulo Hotel, Quezon City. The Trikebayan costs only P48 or $ 1.20 per day to operate, while a gasoline-powered tricycle operation would cost P200. Rolly Concepcion, who conceptualized the Trikebayan, said that converting a tricycle engine to electric costs P68,000. The rechargeable battery under the passenger seat can run for 12 hours. Unfortunately, Mr. Conception passed away before the project was completed.
This has not discouraged Mayor Hagedorn from pusuing his dream of seeing all electric vehicles, especially replacing the gas tricycles in his city. He continued to purchase several styles from various manufactures to find the best unit for his city in the forest. There is now a dealership for these trikes on the north highway.
As of April 2010, the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) listed Puerto Princesa as comprising 66 Barangays, 18 Urban and 38 Rural.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Agutaya is politically subdivided into 10 barangays.
- Abagat (Pob.)
- Bangcal (Pob.)
- Cambian (Pob.)
Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs) lists Agutaya as Inactive. 
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cuyono is the principal language of the area.
Araceli is politically subdivided into 13 barangays.
- San Jose De Oro
- Santo Niño
The Catholic Parish is Nuestra Sra. de Araceli, translated to ALTAR OF THE SKY [ara -altar; celi -sky])
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Balabac is politically subdivided into 20 barangays.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Municipality of Busuanga|
Map of Palawan showing the location of Busuanga.
|Region||Mimaropa (Region IV-B)|
|Districts||1st District of Palawan|
|- Mayor||Samuel A. de Jesus (2007-2010)|
|- Vice Mayor||Tommy C. Cruz (2007-2010)|
Busuanga is a municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. The territory of Busuanga covers the western one-third of Busuanga Island, which is part of the Calamian Group of Islands lying between Mindoro and mainland Palawan. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 16,287 people in 3,047 households.
The Busuanga town proper, Salvacion, is approximately 50 kilometers from the town proper of its neighboring municipality of Coron. Travel time is approximately two and a half to three hours by land.
- New Busuanga (Pob.)
- Old Busuanga
- San Isidro
- San Rafael
- Santo Niño
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Location and Area
The fartheast provincial limit of the province of Palawan in the east is the island of municipality of Cagayancillo. It is approximately 178 nautical miles east of Puerto Princesa City and 72 nautical miles west of Antique. It is bounded on the north by Mindoro and on the south by the Sulu Sea. The municipality is the smallest municipality in the province having only a total land area of 1,539.95 hectares. Physical Resources
There are neither mountain ranges nore forested areas in the municipality. A hilly portion in the northeastern part of the municipality has a slope of 3-82%. It is composed of 31 islands and islets and has 12 barangays.
Cagayancillo is politically subdivided into 12 barangays.
- Bantayan (Pob.)
- Calsada (Pob.)
- Convento (Pob.)
- Lipot North (Pob.)
- Lipot South (Pob.)
- Santa Cruz
- Tacas (Pob.)
- Wahig (Pob.)
Climate, Soil & Winds
Cagayancillo belongs to th type II climate wherein there is no distinct wet or dry season. The dry season is usually from December to May with March as the driest month. The wet season is usually from may to November with August as the rainiest month.
The municipality is exposed to both monsoons. The Amihan or northeast winds blow from November to March while the Habagat or southwest winds visit the area from June to October. The summer months from April to June receive the moderate daplak wind from the northwest.
Majority of the island has a sandy loam soil. The level portion of the island has clay and sandy loam soil type.
Social Services Cagayancillo has a total of 8 public elementary schools with a total of 37 classrooms. A total of 35 teachers are available in school year 2000-2001 for total enrollees of 1,110. This provides an average classroom – pupil ratio and teacher – pupil ratio 1:39. This ratio is above the national standard of 1:50 classroom – pupil and teacher- pupil ratios. Enrollment participation rate is estimated at 85.03% for school year 2000-2001. In secondary education, the municipality has one (1) national high school located in the Poblacion. There were 9 classrooms and 13 secondary school teachers giving an average ratio of 1:52 classroom -student ratio. Secondary school participation rate was low at 69%.
In terms of health manpower, the municipality employs 1 municipal health officer, 1 public health nurse, 1 rural health midwife and 1 rural sanitary inspector. Health facilities in the municipality consist of 1 rural health unit and 4 Barangay Health Stations.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Municipality of Coron from the Mount Tapyas view deck
Coron PUV Terminal
The municipality covers part of Busuanga Island and all of the nearby Coron Island. Both islands are part of the Calamian Group of Islands in northern Palawan. The main industries of Coron are fishing and tourism, being a popular diving location.
Coron is politically subdivided into 23 barangays.
The rock formations on the islands around Coron Island
Coron Island is surrounded by Islands with large rock formations
Large granite rock formations make up most of the Islands around Coron
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|This article needs attention from an expert on the subject. See the talk page for details. WikiProject Southeast Asia or theSoutheast Asia Portal may be able to help recruit an expert. (October 2008)|
Map of Palawan showing the location of Culion
Culion is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.
- Malaking Patag
- De Carabao
Members of the Culion leper colony in an undated photograph. The women in the center appear to be playing the kulintang traditional instrument.
The vast tract of land once owned by the Sandoval in Culion was donated to be utilized as a leprosarium. The Sandovals are the owner of the SKR, a ranch which Busuanga airport is located. It was an isolated island then but in the early 1900′s Asuncion Shipping Company (now San Nicholas Shipping) started a missionary trip going to Culion from Coron to serve the community. Even today Asuncion XI, a wooden boat, still unwaveringly serve the municipality of Culion. There were quite a number of wooden boats plying in this route such as the Asuncion IV, Catalyn A (which is still actively serving the economy of Culion and Coron). Other than these, there were Viva wooden boats owned by Viva Shipping based in Batangas City. Unfortunately, Viva shipping ceased its operations in this route.
A remnant of the fort in San Pedro located somewhere in Burabud is a testimony of a rich history of Culion. In the early 1990′s, it was thought that this fort was already envaded by the roots of balete trees. This was built by the Spanish friars (Agustinian Recollects)and is older than the one we now see in Culion proper, the Immaculate Conception Church built by the Jesuits. This fort in San Pedro was more or less built on the same span of date as that in Agutaya, Taytay and Cuyo which forts found in these towns still stand today preserved by the Palawan government. It is about time for the Palawan government to discover this lost fort in San Pedro, Culion to complete the history.
Most of the structures built in the early 1900′s in Culion Proper especially “inside” the once leprosarium which are still sturdily existing were the fruits of the labor of Leonard Wood, a physician and an American Governor General in 1902. In fact, the Culion Museum is one of these memorabilia of Dr. Wood.
One significant dynamics in Culion is the presence of people coming from Bohol who have settled in BINUDAC located in the northwestern part of Culion island. Given their drive and dream of having a brighter and progressive future, this barangay would eventually become another new town for Calamianes group of islands which will greatly contribute to economic spur. If the provincial government of Palawan will pursue in the development of Binudac especially installing electricity, putting up public school and paving more roads towards this barangay, Binudac will greatly complement Culion and the rest of the Calamianes in the economic growth. You can count on the people of Binudac in spite of their lack of education and yet zest to live and make a better life.
While development gives a better life to the constituents of Culion, apprehension arises on how to strike a balance between the economic development and the preservation of the environment. I believe it can be done. We can learn a lesson from Mayor Hagedorn of Puerto Princesa, Palawan. It was thought it was impossible to do but he did it and if he can do it, other local governments can do it. Yes, it takes a concerted effort of the local council and Mayor Hagedorn acknowledges that fact. He cannot do it without the help of the city council as well the cooperation of the people of Puerto Princesa. One really has to see for themselves the effort of the Puerto Princesa people.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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|— 4th class municipality —|
The Quiniluban island group, in the extreme north of the Cuyo archipelago.
Map of Palawan showing the location of Cuyo
Location within the Philippines
|Coordinates: 10°51?N 121°01?ECoordinates: 10°51?N 121°01?E|
During the Spanish colonization of the Philippines, Cuyo became the second capital of Palawan from 1873 to 1903.
The municipality is served by Cuyo Airport.
Cuyo is politically subdivided into 17 barangays.
Cuyo Group of 45 Islands
Cuyo Island is a group of 45 islets with a total land area of 50 square miles. It lies south of Mindoro and between Northern Palawan and Panay. The biggest island in this group is Cuyo with an area of 22 square miles and is about 9 miles long. Cuyo is divided in three municipalities, namely Cuyo, Agutaya, and Magsaysay. Cuyo is the oldest town in Palawan which has a culture of its own and was preserved for more than 350 years. In the year 2008, the total population of the Cuyo Island is almost 25,000. Cuyo is divided into two island groups. Up north is the Quiniluban group to which Pamalican island is part and where the 89-hectare, exclusive Amanpulo Resort belongs. To the south are the Cuyo islands, where the three municipalities namely Cuyo, Agutaya, and Magsaysay are located.
An hour and 30 minutes by air and 24 hours by sea from Manila, Cuyo is a fourth-class municipality composed of 17 barangays. With a population of 18,257 people (2000 census), it is one of the unexploited islands in the country. Home to a fort, which shelters a church and a convent in its high stone walls, constructed during the Spanish period to protect its population from Moro pirates, Cuyo has one of the most ancient forts in the Philippines. Incidentally, Cuyo became the second capital of Palawan from 1873 to 1903. Access to Cuyo Island (November 2009). Planes from Manila Airport (Terminal Two) to Puerto Princesa or Iloilo. Boat service several times a week from Puerto Princesa and Iloilo to Cuyo Island and back. There are also weekly boat services from Manila to Cuyo Island.
Cuyo Island Airport
Since June 2008 unfortunately it is not possible anymore to reach Cuyo Island by plane although the length of the runway of existing airport has been extended in 2009: Cuyo Airport (IATA: CYU, ICAO: RPLO) is an airport serving Cuyo, a municipality in the province of Palawan in the Philippines. It is one of three airports in Palawan, the other being Puerto Princesa Airport and Francisco Reyes Airport in the municipality of Busuanga. It is classified as a feeder airport by the Air Transportation Office, a body of the Department of Transportation and Communications that is responsible for the operations of not only this airport but also of all other airports in the Philippines except the major international airports.
Scheduled commercial service was provided by South East Asian Airlines. As per a timetable effective through 15 June 2008, the airline provided two flights a week on LET 410 aircraft: on Mondays flight DG742 departed from Puerto Princesa with stops at Cuyo, Boracay and Manila; on Fridays flight DG745 departed from Manila with stops at Boracay, Cuyo and Puerto Princesa. However, as per the airline’s website and current route map, it no longer provides service to Cuyo.
It is to be expected that plane service to Cuyo Island will be taken up again at least once a week.
Chinese traders where the first to discover Cuyo island and introduced the trade and barter system in the locality.
Later Chief Matuod of Malay origin was arriving in big bancas called “sakayan” and formed settlements in the island of Cuyo. A Malay Mohamedan of the name Datu Magbanua later also settled in Cuyo. Datu Magbanua’s leadership was so great and powerful, that even chieftain from another island recognized its rule. The Malays brought with them their dances and when blended with native dance, the “Soriano”, it became known as the “pondo-pondo” one of the most popular folkdances even up to the present.
During the leadership of Datu Magbanua, three Chinese Mandarines arrived on the island and settled also on Cuyo. The Chinese discovered gold deposits in Mt. Aguado and introduced gold mining, smith working, pottery, and other handicrafts. The natives of Cuyo became suspicious of the their presence and were able to drive them out. They sailed to Ilongilong (today known as Iloilo) and formed another settlement called “Parian”.
In 1622, Count San Augustin together with five Spanish missionaries colonized the island named by them as Cuyo and introduced Christianity. The friendly character of the people proved to be a blessing to the Spaniards who did not find difficulties in converting the population of Cuyo Island to Christianity. They were immediately able to baptize 500 Cuyonos.
In 1636 a powerful Muslim fleet under Datu Tagul raided Cuyo and other places in Palawan. In Cuyo the Muslim attacked the convent and the church and set the town on fire and took with them prisoners including a priest, Fr. Francisco de Jesus Maria. They then proceeded to Agutaya and Culion and wrought havoc and destruction on the helpless and defenceless civilians. Again their prized captive was another priest from Culion, Fr. Alonzo de San Augustin who was captured while saying mass. A Spanish naval flotilla of 6 vessels and 250 men under Capt. Nicolas Gonzales met the returning pirates with their loot and booty on December 21, 1636. Datu Tagul was killed, 300 of his men captured and 120 prisoners were liberated. The two captured priests were unlucky.
During the early Spanish period, purposely to protect the Cuyonon from sporadic Moro attacks, Fort Cuyo was constructed and finished in 1680. The original complex of stone and mortar was a square with four bastions. The present complex, which occupies 1 ha, is a solid rectangular edifice with walls 10 m high and 2 m thick. It has a tall belfry and watchtowers; its canons, which face the sea, are now fired only during town celebrations. It is considered as one of the most ancient and unique forts in the Philippines. Unique in the sense that you can find the church, the convent and the Perpetual Adoration chapel all within the fort. In 1762 one of the British ships that invaded Manila fired at the Cuyo fort but it was not damaged at all. Another fort was started at Lucbuan seven kilometres away on the east side of Cuyo island, but it was never finished. In 1873, the capital of Paragua (present day Palawan) was transferred to Cuyo from Taytay.
Cuyo is known to be the oldest town in Palawan. From the sea, Cuyo Island’s first visible landmark is a lighthouse by the pier. Many of the streets leading to the town have already been cemented but the town has preserved the Hispanic plaza-iglesia structures. Dominating the town centre is Cuyo’s 1860 church, convent, and fort built by the Spanish and finished in 1680. Nearby stands a schoolhouse, and a monument of national hero Jose Rizal.
Despite its long history Cuyo has held back the hands of time and preserved its rich cultural heritage preserved since more than 350 years.
The tipano band, a flute and drum ensemble, and the de kwerdas (string band), supply background music on important social occasions. They also accompany singers and render dance music like the pinundo-pundo. The tipano is reserved for the ati-ati, sinulog, and komedya.
Both ensembles use available instruments and instrumentalists. The tipano core is basically two drums and four to seven transverse mouth flutes with six finger-holes. One or two tipano “nga maitley” (small flutes) and three or four tipano “nga mabael” (larger flutes) are played with a redublante (snare drum), bombo (big drum), and sometimes a pair of platilyo (cymbals). The de kwerdas has two or three byulin or sabel (violins), and occasionally a gitara or sista (guitar), a bajo (six-stringed bass), a banjo, and a banduria. In Cuyunon music the akompanimento refers to the harmonic accompaniment-principal or primers to the first or highest voice, and segunda to the second.
The Cuyunon youth celebrate love with song during the postharvest courting season. The cancion, a popular serenade, is sung with the strumming of a five – or six-stringed guitar in the distinctive punctual manner. Parting is a familiar concern in Cuyunon love songs. Examples of love songs are “Napopongao Ako,”"Ang Gegma,”"Ploning,”"Daragang Taga Cuyo,”"Konsomision,”"Ako Maski Bayan,”"Tiis Manong Pido,”"Nagpamasiar Ako,” and “Komosta.”
Cuyunon dances have evolved from native and Spanish influences. Among these are the pastores (the Christmas dance of the sheppherds), the chotis (from the German schothische), lanceros de Cuyo (local French guadrille), birginia and virgoire (Virginia reel or square dance), paraguanen (a romantic comic duet), and la jota paragua (a Castillan-type jota using bamboo castanets and manton). The island is known for the mazurka de Cuyo, a social dance with characteristic mazurka steps. Another popular dance is the pinundo-pundo, a stylish wedding dance marked by sudden pauses, its first two parts, featuring solo dances of the boy and the girl, are followed by the suring, a love play between the couple. Forms found in other regions, like the kuratsa, pandango, and habaneras have also been adapted by the Cuyunon.
The Cuyunon have developed the art of merging song, dance, and drama. Cuyo’s sayaw is a colorful enactment of a story heightened by the music of a string band. It is presented by five pairs of youth arranged in two lines, fully costumed and made up, and bearing props like flowers, crowns, and even knives. After an introductory dance, the leading couple proceed to relate the tale, sometimes using verse. The topic may be anything, from everyday occurrences to special events like winning the sweepstakes. This story is then interpreted in dance and ended with a finale.
Yearly on August 28, Cuyo Island celebrates San Agustin’s feast. On the eve of the fiesta, a cultural presentation featuring the traditional performing arts and sometimes a separate show of modern songs and dances may be presented. The feast day is begun with a morning mass (sometimes a High Mass officiated by the bishop ) and followed by the ati-ati, a legacy of the Aklanon. Folk from the nearby islands board barotos (boats) to view the parade which recreates the confrontation of San Agustin and the native “savages”. Participants portray the Aeta by darkening their bodies with soot and painting their faces with anyel (indigo). They don foot-high headgear of coconut ginit fiber adorned with chicken feathers, and decorate their costumes with coconut leaves. The men, clad in loin cloths, carry spears, bows and arrows, or bolo. The women, wearing patadyong and beaded necklaces, carry baskets with a tumpline
The participants form two lines, one of men and the other of women. The director signals the start of the singing by striking his cane on the ground. This is followed by a spontaneous dance characterized by sways, hops, jumps, and the jerking of weapons accompanied by chanting; the director also signals the end of the dance. The teniente (barrio head) and his family may recite a series of verses. The director is then approached by the last to recite, customarily the teniente’s youngest child.
As the floats of San Agustin and other saints enter the church at the end of the procession, the participants kneel, prostrate themselves, or sing while performing skipping steps before the images. The merrymaking intensifies when the alakayo, a dancing clown, chases the ladies, stopping only when coins are thrown to him on the ground. The alakayo collects the coins with his mouth. Meanwhile, the panapatan performance are staged in front of various houses for a fee. These are mostly excepts of the komedya and ati-ati known as komedya sa kalye and ati-ati sa bukid, the performers of which use simpler clothing than in the more elaborate full-length performances. Ati-ati sa bukid is sung and danced to celebrate a fruitful harvest. Today it is usually danced by young boys wearing masks or indigo-painted faces. Another pantomime, innocentes, recreates the descent of the “savages” from the hills to pay tribute to San Agustin. They are wearing coconut fibre masks and red striped shirts. The participants frolic and fence with sticks.
Komedya or moro-moro performances are larger (with some 50 actors) and more refined than the ati-ati. The clash between the Mustlims and the Christians is further dramatized by background music; commonly used tunes are the pasadoble, marchas, giyera, and kasal. The same subject is portrayed by the sinulog. The Christians are identified by their black costumes, kampilan, and elongated shields; the Muslims by their red turbans and waistbands, and round shields. The participants may wear masks or paint their faces. Both groups, usually of six dancers each, sometimes perform to the beating of tin cans. Alternate steps of offense and defense, e.g., advancing and retreating, with corresponding movements of weapons, are followed by circular formations simulating scenes of strategy plotting.
Mt. Aguado features life-size Stations of the Way of the Cross constructed from the foot to the peak of the mountain. Cuyonon devotees, visitors and tourists make the annual pilgrimage to Mt. Aguado as part of the penitential rites done in Cuyo during the Holy Week particularly on Holy Thursday.
Cuyo is a place blessed with nature’s beauty. Secluded and quiet, it is covered with cashew and coconut trees that gracefully sway to the wind. Thick clumps of bamboo abound. And of course, the vast blue seas – home to a myriad of corals and sea creatures – that seem extend to eternity. (The problem though lies on massive cyanide fishing which is killing much of the coral reef in the area.) The island would appeal to hardy, outdoor types of people who enjoy taking walks, swimming and discovering a unique local culture, rather than indulging in material pleasures.
Cuyonons live on the basics and hardly complain. They are very resourceful and have found ways to make the best of what they have like making tuba from coconut and cashew brittle their specialties.Life is slow, timeless, and the epitome of “rural living” in its simplicity, the kind that grows on people who visit the island. There is nothing to be lost in Cuyo except perhaps one’s heart. Its untouched beaches, gracious townsfolk, and simple life are its gems. Rare are places where the concept of excessive materialism does not exist, yet people are thankful and welcoming, where happiness is equated with putting value on love and life, and living means working with nature and not trying to change it.
Cuyo is also ideal for windsurfing and kite flying for those tired of Boracay with the overcrowded and very polluted Bulabog beach. If only for these things, Cuyo is a traveler’s dream.
Activities for visitors on Cuyo Island
Island hopping, snorkeling, diving, windsurfing, kiting, walking, bicycling, motor biking.
Windsurfing and Kiting on Cuyo Island
The Philippines is considered by many people to be perhaps the best place for windsurfing in the whole of Asia – and Cuyo island the ultimate choice for those dedicated windsurfers who come to the Philippines since many years. Most of the windsurfers stay in small hotels or private homes in Cuyo town with the Capusan bay for windsurfing – although somehow with off shore wind keeping kiters away. But for those few who like to combine the excitement of surfing with the tranquillity of a beautiful beach with untouched nature – the ultimate choice is the Quijano Windsurfing Retreat located in Magsaysay at the Quijano beach. The wind blows on shore slightly from the left, permitting long rides inside the bay or going over the reef into the waves. Those who consider themselves mediocre windsurfers find ideal conditions to practice the water start in chest deep crystal clear water in a pristine landscape with green hills and several island in view. The Quijano Windsurfing Retreat is in an unspoiled nature at a sand beach lined with palm trees with beautiful cottages built at the foot of a small hill covered with trees. The concept of the Quijano Windsurfing Retreat is to provide beautiful cottages just for a few visitors who enjoy privacy and unspoiled nature. It is a place which invites you for beautiful hikes through a pristine landscape. However, you must bring your own boards and sails as there is no board rental facilities in Cuyo island. Nevertheless the Quijano Windsurfing Retreat provide storage facilities to surfers who visit Quijano beach just for the day and return in the evening to Cuyo, which is a beautiful twenty minutes ride with a motor bike through a lush green landscape with lots of smiling people.
The weather in the Philippines has two principal seasons named after the particular winds known as Amihan and Habagat. For the windsurfers it is the Amihan season which brings them year after year back to Cuyo island. The Amihan season lasts from late October to March and is characterised by moderate temperature, rarely any rainfall, and almost daily a wind from the Northeast. This is in contrast to the hot Habagat season with frequent rainfall that lasts about from April to September. During this time the wind blows very moderate from the west with few chances to go windsurfing. In Cuyo town the wind blows during the winter season offshore and but still provides good spots for beginners. Only a handful of other windsurfers will be sharing this slalom blaster’s heaven with you. Windsurfers on the island come from a great diversity of countries – you could be sailing with a Filipino, Korean, Swiss, Australian and Brit, all in the same day. If you look for the best among few come to Cuyo.
Accommodations on Cuyo Island
There is only one small but exclusive resort on Cuyo Island – the Quijano Windsurfing Retreat in Magsaysay with three luxury cottages overlooking the beach – the place of you dreams about where to spend your honey moon 
In Cuyo town there are two modest hotels with restaurants: Nikki’s Pension with 10 rooms and Feroland Hotel with 8 rooms.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|— Municipality —|
Map of Palawan showing the location of Kalayaan.
Location in the Philippines
|Coordinates: 8°38?0?N 116°30?0?ECoordinates: 8°38?0?N 116°30?0?E|
|Region||MIMAROPA (Region IV-B)|
|District||1st District of Palawan|
|Founded||June 11, 1978|
|- Mayor||Rosendo L. Mantes|
|- Total||0.79 km2 (0.3 sq mi)|
|- Density||282.3/km2 (731.1/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||5th class; urban|
Kalayaan is composed of only one barangay, Pag-Asa. This island has a 1.3 km airstrip that is used both by the military and civilians. It has a regulated civilian population of about 350, most of whom are fishermen. This civilian population is the result of Philippine government initial efforts to put civilians in the Kalayaan. Once a month, a Philippine Navy Ship goes to this island to drop supplies of goods. This island has a water-filtering plant, power generators, weather stations and a communication tower which is built by the Philippine-based SMART Telecommunications.
The municipal government of Kalayaan is making new projects to promote tourism for the island. Also, they had been successful in convincing many Filipino businessmen to invest in Kalayaan.
Four days later on May 15, 1956, Cloma issued and posted copies of his “Notice to the Whole World” on each of the islands as a decisive manifestation of unwavering claim over the territory.
Then on May 31, 1956, Tomas Cloma declared the establishment of the Free Territory of Freedomland, ten days after he sent his second representation to the Secretary of Foreign Affairs, informing the latter that the territory claimed was named “Freedomland”.
On July 6, 1956, Cloma declared to the whole world his claim and the establishment of a separate government for the “Free Territory of Freedomland” with its capital on Flat Island (Patag Island). His declaration was met with violent and unfriendly reactions from several neighboring countries especially Taiwan when on September 24, 1956 it effectively garrisoned the nearby island of Itu Aba and intercepted Cloma’s men and vessels found within its immediate waters. Unable to surmount the difficulties and pressure, he ceded his claim to the Philippines for one peso.
The Spratly Archipelago or the Spratlys is the international reference to the entire archipelago wherein the Kalayaan Chain of Islands is located. In so far as claims are concerned, China, Taiwan and Vietnam claim the entire archipelago. The Philippines essentially claims only the western section of the Spratlys, which is nearest to Palawan. Malaysia occupies five reefs. Brunei claims only a reef in the southern part of the Spratlys which is still underwater. Unlike other claimants, Brunei does not maintain any military presence in the Spratlys.
The dispute exists because of the claims and counterclaims of countries around like China which presently occupies eight (8) islets, Taiwan which occupies only one (1) island which is the biggest in land area (approximately 42 hectares) and, Vietnam which occupies 25 islands which China had considered a vassal state and subject to Chinese sovereignty. Moreover, the display of active interest in the archipelago was triggered by Cloma’s declaration and subsequent assertion of the Philippines.
In March 1976, President Marcos issued the Letter of Instruction (LOI) No.1-76 organizing the AFP Western Command based in Palawan in response to the heightening conflict of interest in the region and to abate any untoward incident.
To further the claim of the Philippines, on June 11, 1978 President Marcos, by virtue of Presidential Decree No.1596, formally annexed the Kalayaan Islands creating a distinct and separate Municipality known as “Kalayaan” under the political jurisdiction of the Province of Palawan, but under the custody of the Department of National Defense.
The nature by which the Municipality was created by-passed the normal procedures and requirements embodied in the Local Government Code. The Municipality therefore is a creation to facilitate its development and strengthen the Philippine claim.
The first ever recorded election in Kalayaan during the post Marcos dictatorship was on January 30, 1980 where Mr. Aloner M. Heraldo was elected as the first Municipal Mayor.
But the Municipality of Kalayaan was after the Marcos regime created “demilitarized” in January 18, 1988 and the first appointed Mayor was Alejandro Rodriguez who was subsequently replaced by his appointed Vice-mayor Gaudencio R. Avencena.
The first free election in Kalayaan was held on May 11, 1992 synchronized election, where mostly young Municipal officers under the leadership of Hon. Mayor Gil D. Policarpio served for nine years, equivalent to three (3) terms from 1992-2001.
A new administration assumed office on July 2, 2001 when Hon. Mayor Rosendo L. Mantes won the election on May 14, 2001.
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The Municipality of Kalayaan is located in the western section of the Province of Palawan. It is composed of seven (7) islets and one (1) reef with aggregate land area of approximately 79 hectares. They are: a) Pag-asa, 32.7 has.; b) Likas, 18.6 has.; c) Parola, 12.7 has.; d) Lawak, 7.9 has.; e) Kota, 6.45 has.; f) Patag, 0.57 ha.; g) Panata, 0.44 ha.; h) Ayungin Reef, 0 ha; and I) Rizal Reef, 0 ha.
Pag-asa Island (Thitu Island) has the biggest area, which is 37.2 hectares. The airstrip in the island has an area of 5.6 hectares, running a length of approximately 1,260 meters
Next in terms of land area is Likas Island (West York Is). This island is located 47 miles northeast of Pag-asa and has an area of 18.6 hectares whose outcrops are visible on the southern and eastern portion of the island during low tides. This island is considered a sanctuary for giant sea turtles (pawikan) that lay their eggs on the island all year round.
The high salinity of the ground water in the island retards the growth of introduced trees like coconuts, ipil-ipil, and other types. Only those endemic to the area that are mostly beach type of plants thrive and survive the hot and humid condition especially during the dry season.
Smaller than Likas Island is the Parola Island (Northeast Cay), located 28 miles northwest of Pag-asa Island. Parola has a land area of approximately 12.7 hectares and is closer to the Vietnamese occupied Pugad island than to Pag-asa Island. Some of its outcrops are visible on its western side. It has high salinity groundwater and vegetation limited to beach type of plants. The corals around the island were mostly destroyed by rampant use of dynamite fishing and cyanide method employed by foreign fishing boats in the past.
Kota Island (Loita Is) has a land area of 6.45 hectares and located 22 miles southeast of Pag-asa. It fringes the Laoita bank and reef. Its calcarenite outcrop is visible along its western side at low tide. The present shape of the island indicates sand buildup along its eastern side. The anchor-shaped side will eventually connect with the northern portion as the sand buildup continues thereby creating another mini-lagoon in the process.
The presence of migrating sea birds adds to the high phosphorus contents of the sand found in the island. Occasionally, giant sea turtles are reported to be laying their eggs in the island.
Panata Island (Lankiam Cay) is located 8 miles northeast of Kota Island. It has a surface area of 4,400 sq. meters (0.44 hectare). A few years ago this island has a surface area of more than 5 hectares but strong waves brought by a strong typhoon washed out the sandy surface (beach) of the island leaving behind today the calcarenite foundation that can be seen at low tide.
The Lawak Island (Nanshan Is) has a total land area of 7.93 hectares and located 98.0 miles east of Pag-asa. This island is the bird sanctuary of Kalayaan. Its surroundings are highly phosphatized that superphosphate materials can be mined out on a small-scale basis.
Near the fringes of the breakwaters (approx. 2 miles from the island), intact hard coral reefs were observed to retain their natural environment and beautiful tropical fishes were seen colonizing these coral beds of varying colors.
About 6 miles southwest of Lawak Island is Patag Island (Flat Is). It has a surface area of 5,740 sq. meters (0.574 hectare). Patag Island is an example of a cay. It changes its shape seasonally. The sand build up will depend largely on the direction of prevailing wind and waves. Presently, it takes the shape of an elongated one, three years ago it had a shape like that of a crescent moon, and years back it formed the shape of a letter “S”.
Like Panata Island, it is also barren of any vegetation. No underground water source is found in the island. Presently, this island serves only as a military observation post in Kalayaan.
Rizal (Commodore) Reef
Located nearest to Balabac. It is a typical reef lying underwater and is now being manned by a military contingent based and established in the area.
The islets that comprise the Municipality are generally flat. The highest ground elevation is approximately two (2) meters above sea level.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Linapacan is politically subdivided into 10 barangays.
- Barangonan (Iloc)
- New Culaylayan
- San Miguel (Pob.)
- San Nicolas
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Magsaysay is politically subdivided into 11 barangays.
- Danawan (Pob.)
- Los Angeles
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aborlan is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. It lies in a vast plain between the Sulu Sea and the mountains. It is located 69 kilometers south of Puerto Princesa City. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 25,540 people in 5,236 households.
Aborlan is politically subdivided into 19 barangays.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bataraza is a second class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. It is named after Datu Bataraza Narrazid, a locally influential Muslim chieftain and father of the town’s first mayor and former mayor of Brooke’s Point, the late Datu Sapiodin Narrazid. Bataraza was part of the municipality of Brooke’s Point until 1964 by the virtue of Philippine RA 3425.
According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 41,458 people in 8,658 households. Main industries of Bataraza includes farming, fishing, and nickel mining and processing.
Map of Palawan showing the location of Barataza
Bataraza is located on the southernmost tip of mainland Palawan, approximately 236 km from Puerto Princesa City and about five to six hours by land. It has total land area of 957 km².
Bataraza is situated some 775 km (480 mi) southwest of Manila. It stretches approximately 80 km in northeasterly to southwesterly direction between roughly 8.3 and 8.75 degrees latitude north of the equator.
Bataraza lies amidst the south Sulu Sea Malis River rounded at Cape Buliluyan and further extended up to Wangly River in the south western part of the mainland. It is bounded in the east by the Sulu Sea, in the west by a great mountain range, extending from Mount Mantalingahan (the highest peak in the province) to Mount Malitub, which serves as the divider between Bataraza andRizal, and in the southwest by the South China Sea.
Bataraza is politically subdivided into 22 barangays:
Brooke’s Point, Palawan
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 48,928 people in 9,634 households.
Brooke’s Point is politically subdivided into 18 barangays.
Brooke’s Point was named after the British army explorer Sir James Brooke, who served as the governor of Sarawak, Borneo in the 1830s. In one of his voyages, he landed on the tip of what is now Brooke’s Point, then inhabited by native Palaweños who were once ruled by the Sultan of Sulu.
How to get there
Shuttle vans (CENTRO) taking passengers to Brooke’s Point town center REGULARLY depart from CENTRO SHUTTLE SERVICE TERMINAL at San Jose, Puerto Princesa City and vice versa. Vans for rent are also available.
Buses and jeepneys depart daily from 5:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. from Puerto Princesa City.
Mode of transportation
Tricycles are the main means of transportation within Brooke’s Point. They ply the streets between 6am to 7pm, although trips may be arranged privately.
Sabsaban Falls Found in Cabar, Aribungas, Sabsaban Falls’ cool and pristine waters is sheltered by a watershed that forms a natural canopy from the sun. About 30 minutes from the town center, Sabsaban Falls may be reached by tricycle or on foot.
Port Miller & Lighthouse Tower A historical landmark in Brooke’s Point, Port Miller is a cemented water tank constructed as a source of potable water for the natives and settlers of the municipality. Reportedly built by Sir James Brooke himself, the remnants of the original lighthouse tower are still visible, although the area is now occupied by a new lighthouse.
Bakbakan Falls & Mainit Hot Springs Located in Barangay Mainit, the river drops over a steep rock face and falls 50 meters into a natural pool. There is also Mainit (hot), whose waters are reputed to have medicinal properties.
Brooke’s Point Ecological Park and Mt. Maruyog Farms Set amidst spectacular scenery, the Brooke’s Point Ecological Park and Mt Maruyog offer high-country buffs with some of nature’s most awesome vistas. The 145-hectare Ecological Park is the showcase of the municipality’s love and concern for nature.
Ocean Spring Located in Barangay Oring-Oring, it is a fresh water spring in the middle of the sea.
Brooke’s Point has only one radio station, “Radyo Natin Brooke’s Point 104.5-FM”. It is one of the original 100 FM stations of Radyo Natin Network owned by Manila Broadcasting Company. It was launched on December 16, 1997. These FM stations are strategically located all over the Philippines. Radyo Natin Brooke’s Point, Palawan is serving its neighboring towns like: Sofronio Espanola, Bataraza, Rizal and Some part of Quezon. It is located at Bataraza St. Moreno Subd., District II, Brooke’s Point, Palawan, Philippines. DJ athonymous…aka TIM2
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dumaran is politically subdivided into 20 barangays.
El Nido, Palawan
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
“El Nido” redirects here. For the small towns in the United States, see El Nido, California (disambiguation).
|Municipality of El Nido
Bayan ng El Nido
|— 1st class municipality —|
The limestone islands of El Nido
|Nickname(s): Heaven on Earth|
Map of Palawan showing the location of El Nido
|Coordinates: 11°20?N 119°41?ECoordinates: 11°20?N 119°41?E|
|Region||MIMAROPA (Region IV-B)|
|Districts||1st District of Palawan (Northern Palawan)|
|- Mayor||Dr. Leonor Dangan-Corral|
|- Vice Mayor||Edna Gacot-Lim|
|- Total||465.10 km2 (179.6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||609 m (1,998 ft)|
|- Density||60/km2 (155.4/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
El Nido (officially the Municipality of El Nido) is a first class municipality and managed resource protected area in the province ofPalawan in the Philippines. It is about 420 kilometers southwest of Manila, and about 238 kilometers northeast of Puerto Princesa, Palawan’s capital.
The municipality, covering a land area of 465.10 square kilometers in the northernmost tip of mainland Palawan, is bordered by theLinapacan Strait in the north, the Sulu Sea in the east, and the South China Sea in the west. It is composed of 45 islands and islets,each has its own unique geological formations. The highest peak is at Cadlao Island, towering up to 640 meters above sea level.
Together with Sulu Archipelago, Sabah, and South China Sea, El Nido, being part of Palawan, is located in the tectonically active and seismically active Sunda Plate, a plate that is entirely separate from the Philippine Mobile Belt to which the rest of the Philippines belongs. The Permian to Paleogene rocks and limestone cliffs of El Nido are similar to those that can be found in Ha Long Bay inVietnam, Guilin in China, as well as Krabi in Thailand, all of which are part of the Sunda Plate.
According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 30,249 people in 6,311 households in its eighteen barangays. Eighty-five percent of the population are living in the rural barangays, while only fifteen percent of them are in the Población area.
El Nido has been inhabited by humans as early 2680 BC, or even up to 22,000 years ago. This was confirmed by the fossils and burial sites, dating back to the Late Neolithic Age, that can be found in many caves and excavation sites surrounding the municipality, particularly the Ille Cave in New Ibajay. Chinese traders had been regularly visiting the area of El Nido for its edible birds’ nests during the Sung Dynasty (960-1279 BC). In fact, El Nido is specifically mentioned in Chinese records as far back 1225 BC. Caho Ju-Kua, a member of the Chinese Royal Family, Trade Commissioner and Superintendent of Customs of the Port of Chuan How wrote about the island, Pa-Lao-Yu or Land of Beautiful Harbors in his book Chu Fan Chai.
The town traces its roots from a small Tagbanua village called Talindak. Some time in the 16th century, waves of migrants from Cuyo Islands came here to settle. In the 1800s, theSpaniards arrived, and they moved to the part where the present-day Población and Mabini are located. The first Spanish families were the Canovas, Vázquez, Ríos and Rey. In 1890, the Spaniards renamed it as Bacuit. At the time, the center of the town was Cabigsing, then known as Inventario. Chinese families moved into the area about the same period, first settling in Langeblangeban. The first Chinese settlers were named Lim, Chin, Liao, Edsan, Ambao, Que-Ke, Lim Piao, Yu His, Pe Phan and Pe Khen.
Aerial shot of Población, El Nido’s town proper.
During the Spanish colonization of the Philippines, the town was under the jurisdiction of the Municipality of Taytay, which was the capital of the former Province of Calamianes from 1818, and the Province of Castilla, the area of what is now known as northern Palawan, from 1858. It remained part of Taytay until 1916 when it formally became an independent municipality.
In 1954, the town was finally given its present name, El Nido, after the edible nests of swiftlets, collocalia fuciphaga, found in the crevices of its limestone cliffs. These nests, “nido” in Spanish, the main ingredient for the gourmet nido soup, are being sold at approximately US$ 3,000 per kilogram.
Because El Nido was quite remote from most of the inhabited islands in the Philippines, its pristine beauty was hidden to the world until 1979 when a sea accident happened in Bacuit Bay. As the story goes, “a tuna line disabled a dive boat’s propeller in the middle of the night forcing it to drop anchor in an inlet. The following morning, the divers woke up to an amazing scenery of skyscraping dark cliffs, thick green forest, white sandbeach, sparkling water and, rising above it, a series of magnificently sculpted jade islands.”
In 1983, a dive station was established in Miniloc Island by a group of divers who were on board the diveboat M/V Via Mare. In the same year, major tourism commenced in El Nido, when the Ten Knots Development Corporation, a Filipino-Japanese joint venture company, opened a divers’ resort on Miniloc Island, and an airstrip (Lio Airport) at Villa Libertad on the mainland. In 1992, the company set up a second resort on Pangulasian Island, and in 1998, the third and largest Ten Knots resort on Lagen Island. The opening of the third resort coincided with the destruction of the Pangulasian Resort by fire. During this period several other tourism establishments were developed, paving the way for tourism to become a thriving economic sector.
El Nido is a showcase of the Philippines’ geological and biological diversity. In recognition of the importance of its unique ecosystem, the Philippine government made the entire area of El Nido first to a turtle sanctuary in 1984, then to a marine reserve park in 1991, and finally in 1998, to that of a managed resource protected area.
El Nido is governed by a Mayor and a Vice Mayor, who are elected to three-year terms. The Mayor is the executive head and leads the municipality’s departments in executing the municipal ordinances and improving public services. The Vice Mayor heads the legislative council consisting of 8 councilors, or more commonly known as Sangguniang Bayan members. The Municipal Council is in charge of creating the municipality’s policies in the form of Ordinances and Resolutions.
Aerial view of Bucana, one of the eighteenbarangays of El Nido.
El Nido is politically subdivided into eighteen barangays. Four of which are situated in the Población (town proper), and are also known by their respective zones.
Población (Town proper)
The Población, consisting of barangays Buena Suerte, Corong-corong, Maligaya and Masagana, sits in a sheltered bay with a pier at one end along a crescent beach, and is flanked by the area’s famous limestone cliffs on the eastern section and hills on the western side. It is a small town center with tree-lined streets, and the lifestyle is laidback.
The Municipal Building, which houses the offices of the head of the municipality, the local legislature and several local government agencies, is located at the middle of the town square between Calle Real and Abdulla Street. It is interconnected with other buildings that house other government facilities such as the Rural Health Unit, Municipal Circuit Trial Court, El Nido Post Office, just to name a few.
The municipality seal shows a silhouette of the territory of El Nido inside an armour-shaped picture. The famous marble and limestone cliffs represents the nestling ground of the swiftlets. Behind it is the oil rig, representing the areas within its administrative boundaries that are found to be rich in oil and natural gas such as the Malampaya Sound, which is 50 kilometerswithin its borders, and the Cadlao Oilfield in Bacuit Bay area. At the bottom of the picture is the ricefield, with the carabao head superimposed at the center, and on the other side, the sea, with the fish and the squid in situated the middle, representing farming and fishing, the two main industries of its people.
Protected Area status
In 1984, the then Ministry of Natural Resources issued the Administrative Order No. 518, establishing a 360-square kilometer maritime area in El Nido as a turtle sanctuary. In 1991, the rest of the Bacuit Bay, including its island and islets, was proclaimed by the Philippine government as a marine reserve. A year later, by virtue of Administrative Order No. 14 Series of 1992 of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, this area was expanded even more. In 1998, its status was elevated to that of a protected area, and it included even the terrestrial ecosystem of El Nido and portions of Taytay.
Extent and scope
The so-called El Nido-Taytay Managed Resource Protected Area is the largest marine sanctuary in the entire Philippines. The Protected Area status accords the areas of El Nido and portions of its neighboring town of Taytay a place among the eight priority sites in the country in need of conservation. The Protected Area covers a total of 903.21 square kilometers, of which 40% are terrestrial and 60% marine.
The provincial government has mobilized its citizenry to actively participate in various environmental conservation and protection programs, such as the “Bantay Gubat” for forest protection, and the “Bantay Dagat” for the marine life preservation. Patrolling within the Protected Area especially in the marine zones is regularly conducted with the help of the World Wildlife Fund – Philippines that allocates funds to support the said activity. Other logistic support is by the concerned municipal governments. The Palawan Council for Sustainable Management (PCSD) provides legal assistance during the litigation of cases filed by the Protected Area Office (PAO).
As a protected area, the Philippine government needs approximately US$ 180,000 annually to protect and manage its natural resources. Tourists are encouraged to pay US$ 0.50 per day as conservation fee for the duration of their visit at the Municipal Tourism Office or the Office of the Protected Area Management Board (PAMB), which are housed in the Municipal Building in Calle Real. This was embodied in the PAMB Resolution No. 08 series 2000 from the National Integrated Protected Area Program (NIPAP) of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR).
El Nido, being one of the most diverse ecosystem in the country, is protected for its unique flora and fauna, and pristine geologic formations. These include:
- limestone cliffs, the home of the swiftlets
- 50 white sand beaches
- 5 types of forest (the lowland evergreen rainforests found in the mainland and islands such as Miniloc, Lagen and Pangulasian; semi-deciduous forests; forests over limestone; beach forests; and, the mangrove forests found mostly around major rivers and creeks in the mainland)
- 3 major marine habitats
- 16 endemic and 10 threatened species of birds (including the Palawan Hornbill, the Palawan Shama, the Palawan tit, Palawan Scops Owl, and the Palawan Peacock Pheasant)
- 6 species of marine mammals endemic to Palawan (including dolphins and its native dugong)
- the Palawan Tree Shrew, the Palawan Stink Badger, the Palawan Spiny Rat, the Palawan Anteater, and the Northern Palawan Tree Squirrel
- 4 species of endagered marine turtles (hawksbill, olive ridley, leatherback and green sea turtles)
- 100 species of corals, 45 of which belongs to the genera of hard corals
- 813 species of fish
Climate and sea conditions
The climate in El Nido is distinguished by two seasons: generally dry, from December to May, and wet, from June to November. April and May are typically the driest months, while the heaviest rainfall occurs around August. The Northeast wind blows from December to March, occasionally interchanging with the North wind during December to February. The Southwest wind is felt from June to October while the East wind, the mildest of all winds, blows during the months of April and May.
The average surface temperature ranges from a low of 22°C to a high of 33°C. The coolest temperatures are usually experienced during the month of January, while the hottest temperatures are felt in April and May.
The current in El Nido differ from very slight to moderate depending on tidal conditions. Divers and snorkellers can swim back to the boat without difficulty since currents are usually very manageable.
The average water temperature ranges from 24°C to 26°C during the months of December to March and 26°C to 29°C during the months of April to November.
Water visibility ranges from 3 meters to 10 meters from December to February, 10 meters to 30 meters from March to May, and 10 meters to 15 meters from June to November. The best time for diving at El Nido is during the months of March to May, as surface conditions are good.
The first town census of 1918 showed El Nido having a population of 1,789. In the period between 1980 and 1990, the population grew up to 18,832. In 2007, more than 30,000 people call El Nido their home.
El Nido had an annual growth rate of 3.58% based in the 2000 census. This is higher than the average annual population growth rate for the whole country for the periods 1990 to 2000 and 2000 to 2007, which was only 2.34% and 2.04%.
The original settlers of El Nido were the Tagbanuas and Cuyunons. Throughout the centuries, there has been a constant migration of Tagalogs, Visayans,Bicolanos, Ilocanos, Chinese and Spaniards. There are also a small number of Germans and Koreans. Intermarriage between ethnic and linguistic groups are not uncommon in El Nido.
The main language is Filipino, which is largely based on Tagalog. In addition, many people are very proficient in English, Visayan languages (Visayan, Cebuano, Kinaray-a, Ilonggo, andWaray), and Bicolano. A small but significant percentage of the population speaks or comprehends Cuyonon, the native dialect of the Cuyo Islands and most parts of Palawan.
El Nido is predominantly Roman Catholic like the rest of the Philippines. There are two parishes inside the municipality: the Parish of Saint Francis of Assissi, which covers the western part of El Nido, and the Parish of Santa Putenciana, which serves the eastern and northern part of El Nido and underlying areas of Linapacan and Taytay. The said parishes are under the Apostolic Vicariate of Taytay.
A small segment of the population belongs to other Christian denominations such as Baptist, Iglesia Ni Cristo, Seventh-day Adventist and other Protestant churches. Recently, there is a growing number of migrants, who are engaged in Islamic faith, from southern Palawan and parts of Mindanao.
El Nido has more than ten public elementary and secondary schools located in most of its barangays. El Nido Central School and El Nido National High School, which are both located at the Población, have the largest facilities and number of students, among these schools. Recently, the Palawan State University opened its El Nido campus in New Ibajay, offering extramural programs and studies.
The main industries of El Nido are fishing, agriculture and tourism, being a popular diving location. Edible nest-gathering is also an economic activity, although it is seasonal. Coconut,palay, cashew, banana, and mango are its major products.
The fastest and most direct way to El Nido is from Manila. The flight takes one hour and fifteen minutes, and lands directly at Lio airport, which is located about 4 kilometers from the Población. There are only two airlines that fly to El Nido, namely South East Asian Airlines(SEAIR) and Island Transvoyager Inc. (ITI) ITI is a charter airline that operates as a sister company to the two main resorts on El Nido. SEAIR is a commercial airline with flights from Manila to El Nido, with a stopover in Busuanga.
The main roads of El Nido are organized around a set of radial and circumferential roads that radiate and circle in and around the town proper and its rural barangays. Its interconnected roads are connected to the major highway that leads Puerto Princesa City, Palawan’s capital. Daily Buses and jeepneys depart at San Jose Terminal in Puerto Princesa for El Nido. Tricycles are used for short-distance trips around the town proper.
The 60 km national road between Taytay and El Nido was rehabilitated, and this has helped boost tourism and business activity in the area.
Seaports and piers
The main port in El Nido, which is under the jurisdiction of the Philippine Ports Authority (PPA), is located in Buena Suerte (Zone II), although a number of small and accessible wharfs, such as the San Fernando pier, are being used in other rural barangays. A number of ferry and other sea vessels owned by Atienza Shipping Lines and San Nicholas Shipping Lineshave regular trips from Manila to El Nido.
There are no telephone lines that operate in El Nido. Resorts and other tourist facilities use satellite telephone systems, while majority of the population rely on cellular networks Smart Communications and Globe Telecom. There is a telegraph facility at the El Nido Post Office, and wireless fidelity and Internet access in a number of establishments.
The Población area is part of the service areas of electric utility, Palawan Electric Cooperative (PALECO), a division of the National Power Corporation operating with .423 megawattsof electricity. Other barangays use solar panels and electric generators. The island resorts generate their own electricity. Water services are accessible in protected water tables and facilities. Ten percent (10%) of the population can avail of the Level II Water System, or communal faucet, by the municipal government, while majority of them are still dependent on deep wells and natural springs. Internet services is available in few establishments with wireless broadband access.
The government-run Rural Health Unit, manned by a doctor and support medical staff, provides health services for the whole municipality. It is capable of providing health services such as minor surgeries, and diagnosis and treatment of common diseases. Patients requiring more complex medical services are either flown to Manila or Puerto Princesa from El Nido or taken to the Taytay District Hospital, which is about 55 kilometers away. Antipyretic, cold and cough medicines, and other over-the-counter medicines as well as a limited supply of prescription drugs are available in El Nido.
In charge of the overall security of El Nido is the multi-sectoral security network composed of the Philippine Navy, Philippine Air Force, and Philippine Army under the Armed Forces of the Philippines’ Western Command in Puerto Princesa, the Philippine National Police Maritime, the Philippine Coastguard, the Provincial Government, the local government units, members of the local community, and the Palawan Tourism Council.
Being the closest municipality to the protected Malampaya gasfield, El Nido serves as the headquarters of the Philippine security force tasked to supplement the local security force already in place in El Nido. This special security force commands personnel, navy vessels, speedboats, and aircraft. The El Nido Resorts, being one of the top tourist destinations in Asia, also maintains an effective unit of security personnel duly licensed by the Philippine National Police Maritime They are in charge of monitoring the activities within the resort areas, as well as conducting day and night patrols and surveillance activities with in the resorts and nearby islands.
Places of interest
From the towering marble cliffs and enchanting lagoons to its 100 white sandy beaches and lush jungle, El Nido is one of the top tourist destinations in Palawan, which is often referred to as the Philippines’ Last Frontier. In the November-December 2007 issue of the National Geographic Traveler‘s magazine, Palawan was chosen as one of the best travel destinations in the world, and particularly, it recommended El Nido and the Calamianes Islands.
The bay is dotted with islands and islets, most of which are inhabited. Its clear blue waters are teeming with marine life. It is home to dugongs, turtles, manta rays, species of fishes, coral reefs, and the occasional whale sharks. There are over 30 dive sites ranging in depth from six to more than thirty meters.
It is the largest island in El Nido, occupying a land area of 10.06 square kilometers. Among all islands, it is the closest to town proper and has the highest peak that towers up to 640 meters above sea level. It is known for its white sand beaches, gradually sloping sea floor, hidden lagoons, and nature trails through its lush forest cover. One of these nature trails leads to the charming saltwater Makaamo Lagoon. Surrounded by mangroves, the lagoon is best enjoyed in silence at sunrise or sunset when the birds feed.
There are a number of beaches on Cadlao, including that at Bocal Point, Natnat, and Paradise Beach on the southern side of the island. Sabang Beach in the northeast offers good snorkeling opportunities, though some visitors may recognize it as one of the settings for the Scandinavian TV show Robinson Expedisjonen, the predecessor to Survivor.
This island has a beautiful white sand beach stretching to some 300 meters that is ideal for picnic lunches during island-hopping trips. There is an underwater tunnel at its northern side and a fringing reef on its southern end. The island is also called Helicopter Island because its limestone cliffs resemble that of a helicopter when it is viewed from a considerable distance.
El Nido Resorts
El Nido Resorts refers to the resort complex being operated by the Ten Knots Development Corporation (TKDC), which is owned by the ACC Resorts, Inc. and Nissin Sugar Manufacturing Company, Ltd. (Nissin).
TKDC, the biggest private sector employer in El Nido, cooperates with the Philippine government in environmental conservation and management. At present, TKDC operates in two islands of El Nido namely, the Miniloc Island and the Lagen Island.
The said establishment has won numerous citations both locally and internationally. The January 2008 issue of international magazine Travel + Leisure, published by the American Express Co. (which partnered with Conservation International), listed “El Nido Resorts” as “conservation-minded places on a mission to protect the local environment.” Travel + Leisure’s20 Favorite Green scored El Nido Resorts’ protection of Palawan’s giant clam gardens and the re-introduction of endangered Philippine cockatoos: “8. El Nido Resorts, Philippines: Guest cottages on stilts are set above the crystalline ocean. The resorts are active in both reef and island conservation.” In 2009, El Nido Resorts won Wild Asia‘s Responsible Tourism Award for the “Mid to Small” accommodation category for its excellent sewage treatment facility that prevents waste water from contaminating the surrounding water systems, tree-planting activities to protect the municipality’s watersheds, and skills training for local communities through its own foundation.
Activities offered at El Nido Resorts include lagoon tours, cave tours, mangrove river tours, bottom fishing, bird watching, hat making, picnic lunches, sunset cruising, kayaking, windsurfing, hobiecat sailing, snorkeling, diving and, with prior arrangement, dive courses.
Miniloc Island, where the first resort in El Nido was established, started as a diving station for Japanese and European tourists. The tranquil turquoise-green waters of its orchid-lined limestone walls Big and Small Lagoons showcases a kaleidoscope of marine life. Scientists believe that these lagoons were actually caves which abound in these islands. The roofs of these caves must have collapsed millions of years ago, and these lagoons have emerged in their stead.
The Miniloc Island Resort, renimiscent of a coastal village, is set in a cove with a backdrop of sheer limestone cliffs. The resort has a total of 50 rooms of varying types accommodations and its facilities include a restaurant located at the clubhouse, a boutique, video room, game area, Pavilion Bar, and a conference room that can accommodate up to 40 persons theater-style and 30 persons classroom-style. It has a complete diving and snorkeling facilities, as well as, kayaks, aqua bikes, windsurf, and hobie cat. The end of the resort’s pier is a great place for snorkeling where guests can swim alongside 3-foot long groupers and hundreds of sergeant majors, damsel fish, fusiliers, and other multi-colored tropical fishes.
The island hosts a high diversity of birds including almost all of the species endemic to Palawan. The Lagen trail is one of the best sites for birdwatching, more rewarding during the early morning or towards late afternoon. Its Leta-Leta Cave was an important burial site of the Late Neolithic Age, where a collection of stone and shell artifacts, and sophisticated pottery, such as the “Yawning Jar,” and nephrite adzes and axes were recovered. Other materials include stone ornaments and shell beads. It was excavated by Dr. Robert Fox in 1965. It is also one of the pitstops of the 5th Season of The Amazing Race.
In one of its cove, which is fringed by a lush forest and limestone walls, lies the Lagen Island Resort, the most luxurious exclusive resort in the area. The resort complex has a total of 51 rooms of varying types of accommodation, a 12 x 25 meter swimming pool, designed with an even depth of 4 feet so as not to touch the roots of trees that lie underneath. Its clubhouse is the air-conditioned main dining area where buffet and a la carte meals are served. On the lower level of the clubhouse are the boutique, game area, library, clinic, and conference room that can accommodate up to 70 persons theater-style and 60 persons classroom-style.
It has one of the widest stretches of powdery white beaches in El Nido, which is very ideal for sun bathing, sunset viewing, and other beach activities. The waters fronting the beach are clusters of coral reefs that make this area a good snorkeling and diving site. A trail located in the middle of the island is a good place for birdwatching, especially during early mornings and late afternoons. The trail ends at the peak of the island and provides and an excellent 360-degree view of the Bacuit Bay and nearby islands.
Located near Pangulasian Island, it is also referred to as, “Snake Island,” because of the fine natural sandspit (s-shaped sandbar) that “snakes” off it shores. The sandspit is clearly visible only when the tide is low. On both sides of the sandspit are shallow swimming areas.
It is an important anthropological site, where jewelry and pottery dating back to the Sung Dynasty (960-1279 BC) were yielded. The anthropologists believe that the cave dwellers were from Borneo, and travelled across the ancient land bridge that connected Palawan from Borneo. The crevices of its cave roof are inhabited by barn swallows and insectivorous bats.
Matinloc Island, the longest slim island in El Nido, has a secret beach, which is a pocket of white sand beach at the corner of a sinkhole, that is inaccessible by boat and surrounded by steep rock walls. To reach it, divers must swim underwater through a narrow crevice in a rock wall. At noon, the sun streams in through the opening, allowing a play of light and shadow against its limestone walls. The beach floor drops abruptly. According to local legend, this beach inspired Alex Garland‘s novel The Beach, which was written while the author was in El Nido.
Aside from the Secret Beach, the island is also famous for the Kulasa Beach, a 100-meter beach strip of fine white sand located at one of its coves. The sea floor surrounding the beach slopes gradually and the water deepens only after about 10 meters.
There are four dive sites around the island with the one at the south tip of Matinloc being the deepest at 39 meters.
The island has a cathedral-like cavern accessible by dinghy and kayak. Its cool interior is lit at certain times of the day by sunlight coming through an opening at its peak. This one of important sites for the busyadors or the birds’ nest gatherers.
Aside from its several islands and beaches, tourists can also enjoy a mangrove tour along the Aberawan River where they can watch egrets roost among the mangrove trees at the mouth of the river.
12,000 years ago, El Nido was inhabited already by humans. Archaeologists found human and animals bones, potteries and even traces of 8,000 year old cremation at Ille Cave. Ille is located at New Ibajay, a 45-minute drive from the town center, and is frequented by tourists.
Población (Town proper)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Narra is politically subdivided into 23 barangays.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Quezon, Palawan is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 41,669 people in 8,453 households. It is where the Tabon Man lived long time ago.
Quezon is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.
- Alfonso XIII (Pob.)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rizal is politically subdivided into 11 barangays.
- Campong Ulay
- Punta Baja
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Roxas is politically subdivided into 31 barangays.
San Vicente, Palawan
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
San Vicente is politically subdivided into 10 barangays.
- New Agutaya
- New Canipo
- Port Barton
- Poblacion (San Vicente)
- San Isidro
- Santo Niño
Sofronio Española, Palawan
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sofronio Española is a 4th class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. It is the province’s newest municipality, created by plebiscite on May 22, 1994, from land that was formerly a part of Brooke’s Point. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 26,801 people in 5,479 households.
Sofronio Española is politically subdivided into 9 barangays.
- Pulot Center
- Pulot Interior (Pulot II)
- Pulot Shore (Pulot I)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
During the Spanish colonization of the Philippines, Taytay became the capital of the Province of Calamianes, the entire territory of Palawan, in 1818; and the Province of Castilla, a land area occupying the northern part of Palawan, in 1858. During the American era, Taytay ceased being Palawan’s capital, and its administrative boundary was reduced by approximately 500,000 hectares upon the creation of the Municipality of El Nido in 1916.
The historic Taytay Fort, the Fuerza de Santa Isabel, built in 1667 under the Augustinian Recollect Fathers and named in honor of Spain’s Queen Isabela II in the 1800s, was used as a military station during that period. The fort’s small chapel and cannon are still intact. The fort is now under the supervision of the National Museum.
Taytay is politically subdivided into 31 barangays.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For the island in Singapore, see Pulau Palawan.
|— Province —|
Map of the Philippines with Palawan highlighted
|Coordinates: 9°31?39?N 118°23?51?ECoordinates: 9°31?39?N 118°23?51?E|
|Region||MIMAROPA (in transition)|
|Founded||March 10, 1917|
|Capital||Puerto Princesa City|
|- Governor||Abraham Mitra (Liberal)|
|- Total||14,649.7 km2 (5,656.3 sq mi)|
|Area rank||1st out of 80|
|- Rank||38th out of 80|
|- Density||46.6/km2 (120.6/sq mi)|
|- Density rank||79th out of 80|
|- Independent cities||1|
|- Component cities||0|
including independent cities:433
|- Districts||1st and 2nd districts of Palawan (shared with Puerto Princesa City)|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|Spoken languages||Tagalog, Cuyonon, Ilonggo,Tausug, Batak, Tagbanwa,Palawano, Kagayen|
Palawan is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region. Its capital is Puerto Princesa City, and it is the largest province in the country in terms of total area of jurisdiction. The islands of Palawan stretch from Mindoro in the northeast toBorneo in the southwest. It lies between the South China Sea and the Sulu Sea. The province is named after its largest island,Palawan Island, measuring 450 kilometers (280 mi) long, and 50 kilometers (31 mi) wide.
Palawan is composed of the long and narrow Palawan Island, plus a number of other smaller islands surrounding the main island. The Calamianes Group of Islands, to the northwest consists of Busuanga Island, Culion Island, and Coron Island. Durangan Island almost touches the westernmost part of Palawan Island, while Balabac Island is located off the southern tip, separated from Borneoby the Balabac Strait. In addition, Palawan covers the Cuyo Islands in the Sulu Sea. The disputed Spratly Islands, located a few hundred kilometers to the west is considered part of Palawan by the Philippines, and is locally called the Kalayaan Group of Islands.
Palawan’s almost 2,000 kilometers (1,200 mi) of irregular coastline are dotted with roughly 1,780 islands and islets, rocky coves, and sugar-white sandy beaches. It also harbors a vast stretch of virgin forests that carpet its chain of mountain ranges. The mountain heights average 3,500 feet (1,100 m) in altitude, with the highest peak rising to 6,843 feet (2,086 m) at Mount Mantalingahan. The vast mountain areas are the source of valuable timber. The terrain is a mix of coastal plain, craggy foothills, valley deltas, and heavy forest interspersed with riverine arteries that serve as irrigation.
The history of Palawan may be traced back 22,000 years ago, as confirmed by the discovery of bone fragments of the Tabon Man in the municipality of Quezon. Although the origin of the cave dwellers is not yet established, anthropologists believe they came from Borneo. Known as the Cradle of Philippine Civilization, the Tabon Caves consist of a series of chambers where scholars and anthropologists discovered the remains of the Tabon Man along with his tools and a number of artifacts.
Waves of migrants arrived in the Philippines by way of land bridges between Borneo and Palawan. From 220 up to 263 AD, during the period of the Three Kingdoms, “Little, dark people” living in Anwei province in South China were driven South by Han People. Some settled in Thailand, others went farther south to Indonesia, Sumatra, Borneo. They were known as Aetasand Negritos from whom Palawan’s Batak tribe descended. Other tribes known to inhabit the islands such as the Palawano and Tagbanwa, are also descendants of the early settlers, who came via ice-age land bridges. They had a form of indigenous political structure developed in the island, wherein the natives had their non-formal form of government, an alphabet, and a system of trading with sea-borne merchants.
In AD 982, ancient Chinese traders regularly visit the islands. A Chinese author referred to these islands as Kla-ma-yan (Calamian), Palau-ye (Palawan), and Paki-nung (Busuanga). Pottery, china and other artifacts recovered from caves and waters of Palawan attest to trade relations that existed between Chinese and Malay merchants.
In the 12th century, Malay settlers, who came on boats, began to populate the island. Most of the settlements were ruled by Malay chieftains. These people grew palay, ginger, coconuts, camote, sugar and bananas. They also raised pigs, goats and chickens. Most of their economic activities were fishing, farming, and hunting by the use of bamboo traps and blowguns. The local people had a dialect consisting of 18 syllables. They were followed by the Indonesians of the Majapahit Empire in the 13th century, and they brought with themBuddhism and Hinduism.
Because of Palawan’s proximity to Borneo, southern portions of the island was under the control of the Sultanate of Borneo for more than two centuries, and Islam was introduced. During the same period, trade relations flourished, and intermarriages among the natives and the Chinese, Japanese, Arab, Hindu. The inter-mixing of blood resulted to a distinct breed ofPalaweños, both in physical stature and features.
Taytay, the capital of Province of Calamianes, in 1818; (Spanish Palawan)
After Ferdinand Magellan‘s death, remnants of his fleet landed in Palawan where the bounty of the land saved them from starvation.Antonio Pigafetta, Magellan’s chronicler named the place “Land of Promise.”
The first ever recorded act of piracy in the Philippines happened in Palawan when Chief Tuan Mohamad and his staff were captured aboard their vessel and taken hostage by the Spaniards who demanded ransom within 7 days consisting of 400 sukats or 190 sacks of clean rice, 450 chickens, 20 pigs, 20 goats and several jars filled with tuba.
The northern Calamianes Islands were the first to come under Spanish authority, and were later declared a province separate from the Palawan mainland. In the early 17th century, Spanish friars sent out missions in Cuyo, Agutaya, Taytay and Cagayancillo but they met resistance from Moro communities. Before 18th century, Spain began to build churches enclosed by garrisons for protection against Moro raids in the town of Cuyo, Taytay, Linapacan and Balabac. In 1749, the Sultanate of Borneo ceded southern Palawan toSpain.
In 1818, the entire island of Palawan, or Paragua as it was called, was organized as a single province named Calamianes, with its capital in Taytay. By 1858, the province was divided into two provinces, namely, Castilla, covering the northern section with Taytay as capital and Asturias in the southern mainland with Puerto Princesa as capital. It was later then divided into three districts,Calamianes, Paragua and Balabac, with Principe Alfonso town as its capital.
In 1902, after the Philippine-American War, the Americans established civil rule in northern Palawan, calling it the province of Paragua. In 1903, pursuant to Philippine Commission Act No. 1363, the province was reorganized to include the southern portions and renamed Palawan, and Puerto Princesa declared as its capital.
Many reforms and projects were later introduced in the province. Construction of school buildings, promotion of agriculture, and bringing people closer to the government were among the priority plans during this era.
The Palawan Massacre
U. S. Army personnel toiled to identify the charred remains of Americans captured at Bataan and burned alive on Palawan. 20 March 1945
During World War II, in order to prevent the rescue of prisoners of war by the advancing allies, on 14 December 1944, the Japanese herded the remaining 150 prisoners of war at Puerto Princesa into three covered trenches which were then set on fire using barrels of gasoline. Prisoners who tried to escape the flames were shot down. Others attempted to escape by climbing over a cliff that ran along one side of the trenches, but were later hunted down and killed. Only 11 men escaped the slaughter and between 133 and 141 were killed. The site of the massacre can still be visited. The massacre is the premise of the recently published book “Last Man Out: Glenn McDole, USMC, Survivor of the Palawan Massacre in World War II” by Bob Wilbanks, and the opening scenes of the 2005 Miramax movie, “The Great Raid“.
The island was liberated from the Japanese Imperial Forces by a task force consisting of Filipino and American military personnel between February 28 and April 22, 1945.
Palawan consists of 367 barangays and 23 municipalities, and two congressional districts that divide the province into north and south portions. Thirteen municipalities are considered as mainland municipalities, and these are, Aborlan, Narra, Quezon, Sofronio Española, Brooke’s Point, Rizal, and Bataraza (located south), Puerto Princesa (positioned in the center), and San Vicente, Roxas, Dumaran, El Nido, and Taytay (found in the north). The remaining municipalities are island municipalities, and they are: Busuanga, Coron, Linapacan and Culion (forming the Calamianes group of islands), Cuyo, Agutaya and Magsaysay (the Cuyo group of islands), Araceli, Cagayancillo, Balabac and Kalayaan (Spratly Islands), claimed by Vietnam. The capital Puerto Princesa is a highly-urbanized city that governs itself independently from the province, but it usually grouped with the province for statistical purposes.
It has a total land area of 14,896 square kilometer (km2), which is distributed to its mainland municipalities, comprising 12,239 km², and the island municipalities, which altogether measure 2,657 km². On the average, each municipality has an area of 620 km². On the other hand, the island municipality of Cuyo (4,003 km²) ranks largest in terms of municipal waters. On the latter, the mainland municipality of Sofronio Española has the smallest marine area with only 485 km².
The largest municipalities are situated in the central and northern mainland, and they are: Puerto Princesa (2,106 km²), Taytay(1,390 km²), and Roxas (1,220 km²). On the contrary, the smallest local government units are the island municipalities of Cagayancillo(15.40 km²), Magsaysay (27.70 km²) and Cuyo (57.30 km²). All 24 local government units have 431 barangays as of June 2002.
On 23 May 2005, Executive Order No. 429 directed that Palawan be transferred from Region IV-B to Region VI. However, Palaweños criticized the move, citing a lack of consultation, with most residents in Puerto Princesa City and all municipalities but one preferring to stay with Region IV-B. Consequently, Administrative Order No. 129 was issued on 19 August 2005 that the implementation of EO 429 be held in abeyance pending approval by the President of its implementation Plan. The Philippine Commission on Elections reported the 2010 Philippine general election results for Palawan as a part of the Region IV-B results. As of May 2010, the abeyance is still in effect and Palawan remains a part of MIMAROPA.
People and culture
Further information: Tribes of Palawan
Based on the 2000 census, the population of the entire province is 737,000. The province is a melting pot of 87 different cultural groups and races who live together in peace and harmony. Basically, its culture bears a strong influence from China, India and the Middle East. Influx of migrants from other parts of the Philippines, particularly from Muslim Mindanao, accounts for the high population growth rate of 3.98% annually. The native-born Palaweños still predominate the populace. Eighteen percent is composed of cultural minority groups such as theTagbanua, Palawano, Batak, and Molbog.
There are 52 languages and dialects in the province, with Tagalog being spoken by 50 percent of the people. Other languages are Cuyonon (26.27 percent), Palawano (4.0 percent), andIlonggo (9.6 percent). English is also widely spoken.
The predominant religion in Palawan is Roman Catholicism. However, although there are a lot of Roman Catholic parishes in Puerto Princesa City, the number of Catholic Faithfuls are still scarce for it to be considered as a full-fledged Diocese. Some of the Religious Orders that had a significant mission in the Islands is the Order of Augustinian Recollects.
Protestantism and Other Groups
Several Baptist and other Protestant denominations have a strong presence on Palawan as do the Church of the Foursquare Gospel in the Philippines, and the Seventh-day Adventists. Charismatic groups such as Jesus is Lord (JIL) and the Life Church (formerly known at the Life Renewal Center) LifeChurch (LRCM), and numerous smaller groups are also found on Palawan.
Groups which are considered by mainstream Christianity to be cults, such as The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (also known as the Mormons or LDS) are present on Palawan, as is the indigenous Iglesia ni Cristo (not to be confused with the Church of Christ or the United Christ of Christ Philippines (UCCP), are also strong on Palawan.
Because of its proximity to Mindanao and even Malaysia, pockets of indigenous Muslims can be found in the southern municipalities with Muslims making up the majority of the population in some municipalities in the far south like Balabac and Bataraza. There are alsoBuddhists – mainly Vietnamese refugees who settled in Palawan, as well as some ethnic Chinese Buddhists. One notable Vietnamese Buddhist Temple in Palawan being Vihara Van Phat.
Most of the ethnic minorities such as Batak and Tagbanwa are animists, but many have become Christians (usually Protestant) or have joined other sects.
Enrollment in public elementary schools is steadily increasing. From 146,114 in 2003, the number of students in the public elementary schools went up to 147,013 in the year 2004 while enrollees in public secondary schools reached 55,887.
Literacy rate in Palawan is increasing by 2% annually because of expanding access to education. Among these programs are the establishment of schools in remote barangays, non-formal education, multi-grade mobile teaching and the drop-out intervention program.
Public schools in the province consist of 623 elementary schools, 126 secondary schools and two universities. Private schools are as follows: 26 – elementary; 19 – secondary; 4 private colleges and 10 vocational schools. Some of the private institutions are the Holy Trinity University run by the Dominican Sisters of Saint Catherine of Siena, Fullbright College, Palawan Polytechnical College Inc., in Roxas, San Vicente and Puerto Princesa City, Systems Technology Institute (STI), AMA Computer Learning Center (ACLC) in Puerto Princesa City, San Francisco Javier College run by the Augustinian Recollect Sisters in Narra, Loyola College in Culion run by the Jesuits, St. Joseph Academy in Cuyo, St. Augustine Academy in Coron, Coron Technical School, Sacred Heart of Jesus High School in Brooke’s Point and the unique educational institution called the St. Ezekiel Moreno Dormitory located in barangay Macarascas, Puerto Princesa City founded by Bishop Broderick Pabillo, the present auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Manila.
Among the public institutions are the Palawan State University, Western Philippines University with campuses in Aborlan and Puerto Princesa City, Coron College of Fisheries, Puerto Princesa School of Arts and Trade and the Palawan College of Arts and Trade in Cuyo, Palawan.
Among the many endemic species are the Palawan Peacock-pheasant, Philippine Mouse-deer, Philippine Pangolin and Palawan Bearded Pig. In the forests and grasslands, the air resonates with the songs of more than 200 kinds of birds. Over 600 species of butterflies flutter around the mountains and fields of Palawan, attracted to some 1500 hosts plants found here. Endangered sea turtles nest on white sand beaches. Dugong numbers have fallen seriously, although Palawan still has a larger population than any other part of the country.
Total forest cover is about 56 percent of the total land area of the province while mangrove forest accounts for 3.35 percent based on the 1998 Landsat imagery. Grasslands dwindled from 19 percent in 1992 to 12.40 percent in 1998. This is an indication of improving soil condition as deteriorating soil is normally invaded by grass species. Brushlands increased to 25 percent of the total land area. Sprawled beneath the seas are nearly 11,000 square kilometers of coral reefs, representing more than 35% of the country’s coral reefs.
Palawan, the only Philippine island cited, is rated by National Geographic Traveler magazine as the best island destination in East and Southeast Asia region in 2007, and the 13th best island in the world having “incredibly beautiful natural seascapes and landscapes. One of the most biodiverse (terrestrial and marine) islands in the Philippines… The island has had a Biosphere Reserve status since early 1990s, showing local interest for conservation and sustainable development”.
The province was also categorized as “doing well” in the 4th Destination Scorecard survey conducted by the National Geographic Center for Sustainable Destinations, and Conde Nast Traveler magazine voted its beaches, coves and islets as the tourist destination with the best beaches in Asia. Renowned underwater explorer Jacques Cousteau has described the province as having one of the most beautiful seascapes in the world. and Caril Ridley, founder of Palawan Environmental and Marine Studies Center (PEMS) says the Islands of northern Palawan are destine to become a future destination for Asia’s growing economic and environmental conferencing.
Calauit Game Preserve and Wildlife Sanctuary
A game reserve and wildlife sanctuary of exotic African animals and endangered endemic animals of Palawan. The reserve was established on August 31, 1976 by virtue of thePresidential Decree No.1578, this was initiated in response to the appeal of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature to help save African wildlife when former President Ferdinand Marcos attended the 3rd World Conference in Kenya. By virtue of the Republic Act 7611 (SEP), administrative jurisdiction of DENR was given to the local government of Palawan, effective December 31, 1993. Management of the area is the responsibility of the Office of the Palawan Council of Sustainable Development (PCSD). It is located in Calauit Island in Busuanga.
Coron Reefs, Coron Bay, Busuanga
Seven lakes surrounded by craggy limestone cliffs attract hundreds of nature lovers to Coron Reefs in Northern Palawan, near the town of Coron. Busuanga Island, whose main town isCoron, is the jump-off point for numerous dive operators. The principal dive sites are 12 World War II Japanese shipwrecks sunk on September 24, 1944 by US Navy action. They range in depth from the surface to 40 meters. This large variety offers exciting wreck exploration for enthusiasts, from novice divers and snorkelers and recreational divers to experienced TEC divers. Dive operators offer PADI dive courses ranging from Discover Scuba to Assistant Instructor, Technical and Enriched Air Diving, as well as other specialty courses. Dive operators offer day diving, snorkeling trips, and overnight dive safaris. Live-aboard and charter boats also offer diving in the area. The aquatic views from the sunken Japanese warships off CoronIsland are listed in Forbes Traveler Magazine’s top 10 best scuba sites in the world.
El Nido Marine Reserve Park
The January 2008 issue of international magazine Travel + Leisure, published by the American Express Co. (which partnered withConservation International) listed El Nido’s sister hotel resorts El Nido Lagen Island and El Nido Miniloc Island in Miniloc and Lagen Islands as “conservation-minded places on a mission to protect the local environment.” Travel + Leisure’s 20 Favorite Green Hotels scored El Nido Resort’s protection of Palawan’s giant clam gardens and the re-introduction of endangered Philippine cockatoos: “8. El Nido Resorts, Philippines: Guest cottages on stilts are set above the crystalline ocean. The resorts are active in both reef and island conservation.”
Malampaya Sound Land and Seascape Protected Area
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
This park features a large limestone karst landscape with an underground river. One of the river’s distinguishing features is that it emerges directly into the sea, and its lower portion is subject to tidal influences. The area also represents a significant habitat for biodiversity conservation. The site contains a full ‘mountain-to-sea’ ecosystem and has some of the most important forests in Asia.
- Tubbataha Reef Marine Park (1993)
The Tubbataha Reef Marine Park covers 332 km², including the North and South Reefs. It is a unique example of an atoll reef with a very high density of marine species; the North Islet serving as a nesting site for birds and marine turtles. The site is an excellent example of a pristine coral reef with a spectacular 100 m perpendicular wall, extensive lagoons and two coral islands.
The province has two types of climate. The first, which occurs in the northern and southern extremities and the entire western coast, has two distinct seasons – six months dry and six months wet. The other, which prevails in the eastern coast, has a short dry season of one to three months and no pronounced rainy period during the rest of the year. The southern part of the province is virtually free from tropical depressions but northern Palawan experiences torrential rains during the months of July and August. Summer months serve as peak season for Palawan. Sea voyage is most favorable from March to early June when the seas are calm.
Rock formations at a beach on the way to the Underground River
The crust of northeast Palawan was derived from the Eurasian Plate of mainland China. It is the exposed portion of a microcontinent that drifted southward with the opening of the South China Sea. This microcontinent also forms the shallow water north of Palawan in the Reed Bank-Dangerous Grounds area of the southern South China Sea. Some of the oldest rocks of the Philippines are found in northeast Palawan (Permian-Carboniferous age). Southwest Palawan exposes primarily ophiolitic material (rocks derived from uplifted oceanic crust and mantle). This oceanic material appears to have been thrust upon the continental crust. The transition from “oceanic” ophiolite in the southwest to “continental”-type rocks in the northeast occurs in the area of central Palawan around Ulugan Bay. In the Dalrymple Point area, on the east side of Ulugan Bay, are several exposures showing that the Palawan ophiolite has been thrust on to the continent-derived clastic rocks (“Sabang thrust”).
Specific rock types in the “continental” northeast, include clastic rocks (sandstones and mudstones). Good exposures of these rocks types can be found on the main road running along the southern coast east of Puerto Princesa all the way up to Malampaya Sound. These rocks probably formed the continental shelf, rise, slope or even deeper marine deposits on the southeast margin of China prior to the opening of the South China Sea.
Further north, around the Malampaya Sound area and up to the El Nido area, one finds deep marine chert and limestone. Based on the structure of these sedimentary units, it is thought that they formed part of an accretionary prism on the southeast margin of China at a time when that part of China was an Andean-type plate margin (an ocean-continent subduction zone). The chert and limestone were scraped off of an oceanic plate and accreted to the margin of China (again, prior to the opening of the South China Sea). Some of the limestones are also thought to be of olistostromal origin (i.e., they formed in shallow water but were transported to deeper water by submarine slides).
Coron Island in the Northern tip of Palawan is surrounded by Islands with large rock formations
It is interesting to note that the spectacular karst limestones in the St. Paul area and El Nido area that Palawan is somewhat famous for, are of different origin and age. The limestones in the St. Paul National Park east of Ulugan Bay (where the famous Undeground River is located) are relatively young. Based on their fossil content they are assigned an Oligocene-Miocene age (~30 to 15 million years old). These younger limestones formed largely as reef structures on the bit of continental crust that drifted south from China during the opening of the South China Sea. These are the same limestones that host most of the oil and gas that is being extracted offshore in the South China Sea. In contrast, the limestones in the El Nido area are largely Permian in age (~300-250 million years old). They are related to the karst limestones of Vietnam and China.
Intruding these rocks in central Palawan (Cleopatra’s Needle area) and northern Palawan (Mount Capoas or Kapoas area) are young granite bodies (true granite to granodiorite) of Miocene age (13-15 Million years old based on zircon and monazite U-Pb dating). In the Taytay area of northern Palawan, a young basaltic cinder cone is another manifestation of young magmatic activity. The granitic magmatism and basaltic magmatism are both expressions of what has been identified as a widespread post-South China Sea spreading magmatism that has affected many areas around the South China Sea. Hydrothermal activity associated with mercury mineralization near Puerto Princesa is yet another sign of recent magmatic-hydrothermal activity. Surprisingly though, Palawan is relatively “quiet” in terms of seismic activity. Very few moderate-sized earthquakes are recorded in the area in contrast to the rest of the Philippines east of Palawan which are very seismically active.
Spearheading the maintenance of the peace and order situation are the Armed Forces of the Philippines–Western Command in Canigaran and the Philippine National Police-Palawan Command with headquarters in Tiniguiban, Puerto Princesa. Military units in the province under the Western Command are the Philippine Air Force 4th Naval District IV, Delta Company and 10th Marine Battalion Landing Team located in Tiniguiban, Puerto Princesa.
Palawan’s economy is basically agricultural. The three major crops are palay, corn and coconut. Mineral resources include nickel, copper, manganese, and chromite. Logging is also a major industry. Palawan has one of the richest fishing grounds in the country. About 45% of Manila’s supply of fish comes from here. Having natural gas reserves of approximately 30,000 trillion cubic feet, the province is the only oil-producing province in the country. In addition, tourism is also a thriving sector.
Four telecommunication companies provide local and international direct distance dialing and fax services. Inter island communications is available through the government’s telegraph network and the Provincial Radio Communication System. In addition, there are 19 post offices, a number of cargo forwarders provide air parcel and freight services.
The province has access to two satellite-linked television stations. Cable television in the City of Puerto Princesa offers dozens of foreign channels while smaller firms provide cable services in selected towns. Individual cable facility (Dream Cable) is available locally. Seven radio stations are based in Puerto Princesa, four on the AM and three on the FM bands. Community-based radio stations operate in some of the municipalities in the north and south of the province. Additional stations are expected to set up local affiliates in the capital city of Puerto Princesa.
There are three Internet Service Providers in the Province-Kawing Internet, Mozcom Puerto Princesa and Pal-Isla Globelines Broadband, PLDT My DSL and Smart Amazing Wireless Broadband are also available.
AM Radio stations
- DYPR 765 kHz in Puerto Princesa, owned by Palawan Broadcasting Corporation
- DWMR Radyo ng Bayan Palawan, owned by Philippine Broadcasting Service
- DZRH Puerto Princesa DYPH 693 kHz, owned by Manila Broadcasting Company
FM Radio stations
- DYUN 89.3 MHz in Aborlan, owned by State Polytechnic University of Palawan
- 91.1 MHz in Puerto Princesa, owned by ZOE Broadcasting Network
- 92.3 MHz in Puerto Princesa, owned by Interactive Broadcasting Media
- 94.3 MHz Home Radio in Puerto Princesa, owned by Aliw Broadcasting Corporation
- 95.9 MHz in Puerto Princesa, owned by Katigbak Enterprises
- 95.9 MHz in Taytay, owned by Palawan Broadcasting Corporation
- 96.7 MHz Radyo Natin, Narra owned by Mitransmission
- 97.5 MHz Campus Radio in Puerto Princesa, owned by Republic Broadcasting Systems (Radio GMA)
- DYEZ-FM 98.3 MHz in Puerto Princesa, owned by Manila Broadcasting Company
- DWWA Radyo Cabayugan 98.5 MHz in Puerto Princesa, owned by Palawan Council for Sustainable Development
- The Hit FM 99.1 MHz in Puerto Princesa, owned by Rajah Broadcasting Network
- DYPR IFM 99.9 MHz in Puerto Princesa, owned by Palawan Broadcasting Corporation and Radio Mindanao Network
- DWRZ Radyo Natin 100.5 MHz in Coron, owned by Manila Broadcasting Company
- DWGA Radyo Inogbong 101.1 MHz in Bataraza, owned by Palawan Council for Sustainable Development
- DWRO Radyo Natin 101.3 MHz in Roxas, owned by Manila Broadcasting Company
- Bay Radio 103.1 MHz in Puerto Princesa, owned by Baycomms Broadcasting Corporation
- Radyo Natin 103.3 MHz in Taytay, owned by Manila Broadcasting Company
- DYMS 103.9 MHz in Puerto Princesa, owned by Romeo Servando (Rolin Broadcasting)
- DWMI Radyo Natin 104.5 MHz in Brooke’s Point, owned by Manila Broadcasting Company
- 105.5 MHz in Puerto Princesa, owned by VTV
- DYFJ-TV Channel 29 in Puerto Princesa City owned by the Rajah Broadcasting Network
- DYPR -TV Channel 7, in Puerto Princesa City, owned by Palawan Broadcasting Corporation (an affiliate of ABS-CBN)
- NBN Channel 4 in Puerto Princesa City, owned by National Broadcasting Network
- DYPQ-TV Q Channel 27]] in Puerto Princesa City owned by GMA Network
- DYPQ-TV Sonshine TV 39 in Puerto Princesa City owned by ACQ-Kingdom Broadcasting Network
- DYPU-TV GMA Channel 12 in Puerto Princesa City
- DYAA-TV GMA Channel 6 in Brooke’s Point, Palawan- a relay station of GMA Network
- DWRF-TV GMA Channel 8 in Coron, Palawan- a relay station of GMA Network
Cable Television Companies
- Bandillo ng Palawan (Environment and Development Weekly): Philippine Press Institute’s Hall of Fame Awardee for Best in Science and Environmental Reporting
- The Palawan Times by Luntian Publishing Inc., a weekly newspaper in Puerto Princesa
- Palawan Sun
- Palawan Mirror
There are nine provincial government hospitals, two national government hospitals, one military hospital and nine private hospitals in the province. The Ospital ng Palawan, managed and administered by the Department of Health (DOH), and the Palawan Adventist Hospital are located in Puerto Princesa. The Culion Sanitarium and General Hospital in Culion is also a DOH-run hospital.
Hospitals in Palawan
- Aborlan Medicare Hospital
- Quezon Medicare Hospital
- Roxas Medicare Hospital
- Brooke’s Point District Hospital
- Taytay District Hospital
- Cuyo District Hospital
- Coron District Hospital
- Narra Municipal Hospital
- Dumaran Municipal Hospital
Rural Health Units with Lying-In
- Rizal Rural Health Unit
- Bataraza Rural Health Unit
- San Vicente Rural Health Unit
- Araceli Rural Health Unit
- Linapacan Rural Health Unit
- Busuanga Rural Health Unit
- Cagayancillo Rural Health Unit
- Palawan Adventist Hospital – San Pedro, Puerto Princesa
- Sacred Heart Hospital – Narra
- Manipol Hospital – Brooke’s Point
- RTN Hospital – Rio-Tuba, Bataraza
- Palawan Baptist Hospital – Roxas
- Alfonso Birthing Home – Malvar St., Puerto Princesa
- Leoncio General Hospital – Brooke’s Point
- Sagrado Hospital – Brooke’s Point
- Cooperative Hospital/Medical Mission Group – Burgos St., Puerto Princesa
- Agutaya Power Plant
- Araceli Power Plant
- Balabac Power Plant
- Cagayancillo Power Plant
- Culion Power Plant
- Cuyo Power Plant
- El Nido Power Plant
- Linapacan Power Plant
- Delta P (IPP)
- Puerto Princesa Power Plant
- Roxas Power Plant
- San Vicente Power Plant
- Taytay Power Plant
- NPC Modular Power Plant (Irawan)
Water facilities in Palawan are classified as Level I (deepwell, handpump), Level II (communal faucet), or Level III (house connection). Among all of these types, Level I has the most number of units, accounting to 17,438; this is followed by Level III, with 1,688 units; and Level II, with only 94 units.
- ^ a b President of the Philippines (May 23, 2005). “Executive Order No. 429″. Office of the Press Secretary.
- ^ a b President of the Philippines (August 19, 2005). “Administrative Order No. 129″. Office of the Press Secretary.
- ^ a b c d WowPhilippines:Palawan – the Philippines’ Last Frontier. Accessed August 27, 2008.
- ^ a b c MSN Encarta: Palawan. Accessed September 05, 2008.
- ^ a b c d Puerto Princesa website: History of Palawan. Accessed August 28, 2008.
- ^ a b c d e f g Palawan Tourism Council: History of Palawan at the Wayback Machine (archived July 31, 2008).. Accessed August 27, 2008.
- ^ Camperspoint: History of Palawan. Accessed August 27, 2008.
- ^ “Philippines ‘rejects’ Muslim self-rule”. BBC News. 15 August 2001. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
- ^ President of the Philippines (17 May 2002). “Executive Order No. 103″. ncsb.gov.ph. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
13. ^ a b c The Official Website of the Province of Palawan: Environment. Accessed August 28, 2008.